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screenshot of a calculator tool on Tax+ - Tax changes 2023.

Roundup Of Individual Tax Changes For 2023

The year 2023 brought about significant changes in tax laws thanks to two major pieces of legislation: the Inflation Reduction Act and the Secure 2.0 Act. Whether you’re an individual taxpayer or a small business owner, understanding these changes can help you optimize your tax strategy and potentially save money. This comprehensive guide explores the key tax updates you need to know about.

Retirement Plan Updates

  • Later Required Minimum Distributions (RMDs): If you have a traditional IRA or retirement plan, the age at which you must begin taking RMDs has increased from 72 in 2022 to 73 in 2023. This provides some flexibility for retirement savings to grow for an additional year.
  • Reduced Excess Accumulation Penalty: Failing to take your RMD on time previously resulted in a hefty 50% penalty. Thankfully, the penalty has been reduced to 25% starting in 2023. Additionally, if you make a “corrective distribution” by replacing the missed amount within a reasonable timeframe, the penalty drops further to 10%.
  • Military Spouse Retirement Benefits: Spouses of military personnel frequently face challenges contributing to retirement plans due to frequent relocations. The Secure 2.0 Act addresses this by allowing military spouses to participate in their employer’s retirement plan just 2 months after starting employment. They will also be immediately 100% vested in all employer contributions, making it easier to build retirement savings. As an added bonus, employers who participate in this program receive tax credits to offset the costs.

Electric Vehicle Tax Credits

  • Clean Vehicle Credit: The tax credit for purchasing a new electric vehicle (EV) is still available in 2023, but with some important modifications. To qualify, the final assembly of the vehicle must be in North America, and the manufacturer’s suggested retail price (MSRP) has limitations. Additionally, your income must fall below a certain threshold.
  • Credit for Previously Owned Clean Vehicles: A new credit is available for purchasing a used clean vehicle. The vehicle must be at least two years old, acquired from a dealer, and cost $25,000 or less. There are also income limitations for this credit.

Expanded Early Distribution Penalty Exceptions

The 10% penalty for early withdrawals from retirement accounts before age 59½ has some new exceptions in 2023. These include:

  • Terminally ill individuals
  • Public safety officers (age 50+ or 25+ years of service)
  • Corrections officers and forensic security employees (state and local government) affected by a federally declared disaster
  • Distributions used to purchase a home following a federally declared disaster (amounts can be re-contributed)
  • Corrective IRA distributions for excess contributions
  • Births, adoptions, and re-contributions within 3 years (previously only applied to births and adoptions)
  • Private sector firefighters (age 55+ rule)
  • Domestic abuse survivors (distributions limited to $20,000 or 50% of account balance, with repayments allowed within 3 years)

Tax Credits for Homeowners

  • Credit for Energy Efficient Home Modifications: The tax credit for making energy-saving improvements to your home has been significantly enhanced. The lifetime credit limit has been replaced with a higher annual maximum, and the credit percentage has increased. Additionally, the credit now applies to a wider range of energy-efficient upgrades. Significantly, renters who make these improvements with the homeowner’s consent can also claim the credit.
  • Home Solar Energy Credit: The credit for installing a solar energy system on your home has jumped back to 30% and been extended through 2034. The credit rate then gradually reduces in the following years. The new law also includes a credit for battery storage technology.

Tax Relief for Small Businesses

  • Credit for Small Employer Retirement Plan Start-up Costs: Small businesses with 50 or fewer employees can now claim a larger tax credit to offset the costs of establishing a new retirement plan for their employees. The credit percentage has increased, and the credit applies for a longer period.
  • Nanny Retirement Contributions: Starting in 2023, employers can now include domestic employees like nannies in their retirement plans, allowing them to save for the future.

Charitable Giving Incentives

  • Qualified Charitable Distributions (QCDs): Taxpayers can still make annual QCDs of up to $100,000 from their IRAs to qualified charities, reducing their taxable income.
  • One-Time Increased QCD Opportunity: In 2023 only, taxpayers have the option to make a one-time$50,000 distribution to charities through specific methods like charitable gift annuities or remainder trusts. This provides an additional avenue for those charitably inclined to maximize their giving and receive tax benefits.


The tax landscape has shifted in 2023, presenting both potential benefits and considerations for individuals and businesses. To maximize the impact of these changes on your unique tax situation, consulting with a tax advisor is highly recommended. They can help you navigate the complexities of the new regulations and explore strategies to optimize your tax savings.

Empower Your Financial Future

Our experienced tax professionals are here to help you navigate these changes and make informed decisions. Feel free to contact us today to schedule a consultation. By staying informed and seeking professional guidance, you can ensure you’re taking full advantage of the opportunities these tax updates present.

JS Morlu LLC is a top-tier accounting firm based in Woodbridge, Virginia, with a team of highly experienced and qualified CPAs and business advisors. We are dedicated to providing comprehensive accounting, tax, and business advisory services to clients throughout the Washington, D.C. Metro Area and the surrounding regions. With over a decade of experience, we have cultivated a deep understanding of our clients’ needs and aspirations. We recognize that our clients seek more than just value-added accounting services; they seek a trusted partner who can guide them towards achieving their business goals and personal financial well-being.
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